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How To Wire A Winch Without A Solenoid – Step By Step Guide

As we said earlier, One of the most important parts of the winch is the solenoid. It’s responsible for the winch motor’s protection from overheating and damaging itself. As a result, it saves you as well — from a lot of stress and worrying excessively.

But there are times when bypassing the winch solenoid or wiring the winch becomes inevitable. So today, you will get to know about how to wire a winch without a solenoid.

You can do that by bypassing the controller and solenoids and then having to connect jumper cables. And we’ll talk about everything in detail.

If you notice any kind of dirty gases or contamination, that is the signal that there is an overload. In this case, you need to start thinking about wiring the winch without the solenoid to avoid situations more severe.

If you are relocating the solenoid or the winch drum, in those cases too, the wiring of the winch without the solenoid will become necessary. Or, if you are noticing any overheating, bypass the solenoid.

But these are not the only instances. You might also need to bypass the winch solenoid if you have any issue with the winch and you are troubleshooting it. This will allow you to figure out where the problem is.

Or if you are doing a custom-built project or if you have any issue related to the remote switch of the vehicle. Issues with the wiring, battery, or the alternator might too need the winch solenoid to be bypassed.

Before Wiring Without Winch Solenoid

There are some things you need to ensure before wiring without winch solenoid.

Clean the Surrounding Area

While working with electrical objects, you have to make sure the working space is totally clean. The most important thing is to make sure that there is no water body around. Water is a great conductor of electricity, making it a risk to be around if you are handling an electrical winch.

Use Gloves

Winches are made to lift and haul heavyweight, and so, if your skin gets stuck in a pinch point, the accident is bound to be very serious. A pair of heavy-duty gloves might also save you from electrical wirings.

5 Steps To Wire Winch without Solenoid

Wiring Winch without Solenoid

It is not that hard of a job to do if you are careful enough and you know clearly what you are doing. So, you need to be aware of all the steps and follow them very carefully.

Step-1: Have a Clear Idea About the Solenoid’s Circuit Structure

You should have a very clear idea of the innards of the circuit and how it looks. It differs from different manufacturers, but the difference is not too drastic.

And for an appropriate representation, look at the diagram of the circuit of the particular model of winch that you have. To get that, either search it up online or check the user manual if you have it.

This will allow you to have a better understanding of all the connections inside the motor — especially where the positive and negative terminals of the battery are connected.

Step-2: Enable Free Spool System

Being done with the analysis, turn the knob and enable the free spool system. It helps in the movement of the system easily and conveniently. But to make sure that no accident occurs in the process, make sure that there is no load on the winch.

Step-3: Detach the Terminals

Start the detachment of the wires with the positive terminal. However, the wire that is grounded should be engaged. To evade any confusion or misconception or to not have any false results, make sure that you use the diagram of the circuit from the user manual.

This will enable you to label the cables with precision. Detach the wires and the batteries using pliers or spanner to be more accurate and make the job a little easier. These will successfully separate the connection between the motor and the battery.

The labels of the placements will be F1, F2, and A.

Step-4: Make the Connection of the Jumper Wire

You will require one jumper wire. For this, 5 to 6 inches should be just fine. First, from A through F1, make a connection through the jumper wire. Then through F2, make a connection to the battery to power it.

After the completion of the connection, you will observe the motor to be rotating in a single direction.

Step-5: Rotate the Motor to the Other Direction

You have to repeat the same thing again, but the connection will be the opposite. From A through F2, make a connection using the jumper wire. And for powering it, make a connection through F1 to the battery. This will make the motor of the winch rotate in the other direction.

Now that you know how to bypass a winch solenoid, it is vital to know some of the things you should be aware of before you start getting into it. So, let’s learn about that.

The Final Cut

Since now you know how to wire a winch without a solenoid, you will be able to handle situations where you absolutely need to wire the motor when there is no solenoid. Follow the steps with extreme caution to avoid any mishap from happening.

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